While our 5 senses allow us to obtain key information about our environment, they are quickly limited by physical or material constraints. Hence, the use of electromagnetic detectors such as RADAR or SONAR became crucial in the military to be able to discreetly detect people or objects, over long distances, in order to anticipate and guard against possible threats. Such systems, embedded or not, often involve huge amounts of computation with strong real-time constraints.
Robustness, maneuverability, autonomy, connectivity or even modularity, all these elements have gradually become, essential components for the development of new generation armored vehicles. Even their equipment have to be constantly improved to make it ever lighter, more precise and of course less expensive. And logically, artificial intelligence is also increasngly present in such systems. All of this involves never-ending technological innovation to ensure the best performance in order to dominate the battlefield.
In military missions, information and communication are key to ensure victory. The development of radiofrequency transmission systems, electromagnetic detection and various technological tools enabling mobility, support and remote control have increased tenfold the possibilities and capacities of analysis and anticipation. In return, a form of dependence has been generated on these new means and it was logical to counter them through jamming, intrusion and decoying using new forms of electromagnetic attacks to disrupt or even “blind” the opponents. This form of electronic warfare requires considerable innovative efforts, both offensive and defensive.
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To ensure reconnaissance or offensive operations or simply to preserve human lives in critical missions, the use of remotely controled or even fully autonomous systems has become evident. In the form of drones, UAVs / UGVs or more specific systems, the deployment of automation and robotics on the battlefield allows to increase intervention capacities tenfold while limiting the human factor. New parameters then come into play with strong constraints of autonomy, power, computation, storage or even communication while guaranteeing optimum reliability and security.
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